Brazilian Journal of Botany
On-line version ISSN 1806-9959
LEMES-DA-SILVA, Nadia Martins; BRANCO, Luis Henrique Zanini and NECCHI JUNIOR, Orlando. Corticolous cyanobacteria from tropical forest remnants in northwestern São Paulo State, Brazil. Braz. J. Bot. [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.2, pp. 169-179. ISSN 1806-9959. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-99592012000200006.
Cyanobacteria are common in aquatic environments but are also well-adapted to terrestrial habitats where they are represented by a diversified flora. The present study aimed to contribute to our taxonomic knowledge of terrestrial cyanobacteria by way of a floristic survey of the main components of corticolous communities found in seasonal semideciduous forest fragments. Samples of visible growths of Cyanobacteria, algae, and bryophytes found on tree bark were randomly collected and their taxonomies examined. Eighteen species of Cyanobacteria were found belonging to the genera Aphanothece, Chroococcus, Lyngbya, Phormidium, Porphyrosiphon, Hapalosiphon, Hassalia, Nostoc, Scytonema, and Stigonema. Many genera and species observed in the present work have been reported in previous surveys of the aerophytic flora in several regions of the world, although six species were described only on the basis of populations found in the forest fragments studied, which highlights the importance of taxonomic studies of cyanobacteria in these habitats.
Keywords : aerophytic environment; Cyanobacteria; seasonal semidecidous forest.