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Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
On-line version ISSN 1414-431X
SOUZA, N.B.; LIBERTI, E.A. and DE-SOUZA, R.R.. Studies on the intrinsic nervous system of the wild rodent Calomys callosus digestive tract. II: The submucous plexus. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 1998, vol.31, n.5, pp. 647-654. ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X1998000500007.
The submucous plexus of the normal small and large intestine of Calomys callosus was studied by NADH and AChE histochemical techniques and by transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The plexus contains (mean ± SD) 7,488 ± 293 neurons/cm2 in the duodenum, 5,611 ± 836 in the jejunum, 2,741 ± 360 in the ileum, 3,067 ± 179 in the cecum, and 3,817 ± 256 in the proximal colon. No ganglia or nerve cell bodies were seen in the esophagus, stomach, distal colon or rectum. The neurons are pear-shaped with a round or oval nucleus and the neuronal cell profile areas were larger in the large intestine than in the small intestine. Most of the neurons display intense AChE activity in the cytoplasm. AChE-positive nerve fibers are present in a primary meshwork of large nerve bundles and in a secondary meshwork of finer nerve bundles. At the ultrastructural level, the ganglia are irregular in shape and covered with fibroblast-like cells. The nucleoplasm of the neurons is finely granular with a few condensations of chromatin attached to the nuclear envelope. In the neuropil numerous varicosities filled with vesicles of different size and electron densities are seen. The pre- and post-synaptic membrane thickenings are asymmetric. Characteristic glial cells with oval nuclei and few organelles are numerous. These data provide a detailed description of this submucosal meshwork.
Keywords : submucous plexus; wild mouse; morphometry; histochemistry; ultrastructure; Calomys callosus.