Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
On-line version ISSN 1414-431X
BONJARDIM, C.A.. JAK/STAT-deficient cell lines. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 1998, vol.31, n.11, pp.1389-1395. ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X1998001100004.
Mutant cell lines B3 and B10, which are unresponsive to both interferon (IFN)-a and IFN-g, and line B9, which does not respond to IFN-g stimulation, are described. The mutants were submitted to fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) from a cellular pool, which was obtained from the parental cell line 2C4 after several rounds of mutagenesis. The unresponsiveness to IFN stimulation was observed both in terms of expression of cell surface markers (CD2, class I and II HLAs) and mRNA expression of IFN-stimulated genes (2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS), 9-27, and guanylate binding protein (GBP)). Genetic crossing of B3, B9 and B10 with U3 (STAT1-), g2a (JAK2-) and U4 (JAK1-) mutants, respectively, did not restore IFN responsiveness to the hybrid cell lines. However, when these cell lines were crossed with the same mutants, but using the pairwise crosses B3 x U4, B9 x U3 and B10 x U3, the cell hybrids recovered full IFN responsiveness. The present genetic experiments permitted us to assign the mutant cell lines B3, B9 and B10 to the U3, g2 and U4 complementation groups, respectively. These conclusions were supported by the analysis of IFN-stimulated genes in the mutants.
Keywords : interferons; JAK/STAT; molecular genetics; FACS analysis; RNase protection; transcriptional activation.