Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
On-line version ISSN 1414-431X
EMANUELLI, T.; BONAN, C.D.; SARKIS, J.J.F. and BATTASTINI, A.M.O.. Catabolism of Ap4A and Ap5A by rat brain synaptosomes. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 1998, vol.31, n.12, pp. 1529-1532. ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X1998001200003.
Adenosine 5',5'''-P1,P4-tetraphosphate (Ap4A) and adenosine 5',5'''-P1,P5-pentaphosphate (Ap5A) are stored in and released from rat brain synaptic terminals. In the present study we investigated the hydrolysis of dinucleotides (Ap4A and Ap5A) in synaptosomes from the cerebral cortex of adult rats. Ap4A and Ap5A, but not Ap3A, were hydrolyzed at pH 7.5 in the presence of 20 mM Tris/HCl, 2.0 mM MgCl2, 10 mM glucose and 225 mM sucrose at 37oC. The disappearance of the substrates measured by FPLC on a mono-Q HR column was both time and protein dependent. Since synaptosome integrity was at least 90% at the end of the assay, hydrolysis probably occurred by the action of an ecto-enzyme. Extracellular actions of adenine dinucleotides at central nervous system terminate due to the existence of ecto-nucleotidases which specifically cleave these dinucleotides. These enzymes in association with an ATP diphosphohydrolase and a 5'-nucleotidase are able to promote the complete hydrolysis of dinucleotides to adenosine in the synaptic cleft.
Keywords : Ap4A; Ap5A; diadenosine polyphosphate hydrolase; brain synaptosomes; ApnAase.