Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
On-line version ISSN 1414-431X
GOMES, A.P.S.; ARAUJO, J.V. and RIBEIRO, R.C.F.. Differential in vitro pathogenicity of predatory fungi of the genus Monacrosporium for phytonematodes, free-living nematodes and parasitic nematodes of cattle. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 1999, vol.32, n.1, pp. 79-83. ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X1999000100012.
In vitro tests were carried out on the pathogenicity of nine isolates of the predatory fungi of the genus Monacrosporium (5 M. sinense isolates, 3 M. appendiculatum and 1 M. thaumasium isolate) for a phytonematode (second stage juveniles from Meloidogyne incognita, race 3), a free-living nematode (Panagrellus spp), and two gastrointestinal parasitic nematodes of cattle (infective larvae of Cooperia punctata and Haemonchus placei). A suspension containing 2,000 nematodes from each species was added to Petri dishes containing fungi and grown on 2% water-agar medium at 25oC in the dark for up to 7 days. The dishes were examined every other day for 7 days and predation-free nematodes were counted. The results showed that the free-living nematodes, Panagrellus spp, were the most susceptible (P<0.05), followed by the phytonematode M. incognita, while the controls were ³98.5% viable. However, a variable susceptibility of the nematodes to different fungi was observed. This indicates that the use of predatory fungi for the environmental control of nematodes will be limited by the multiplicity of nematodes in the environment and their differential susceptibility to fungal isolates of the same genus.
Keywords : nematophagous fungi; nematode-trapping fungus; predacious fungi; Monacrosporium, nematode; Cooperia punctata; Haemonchus placei; Meloidogyne incognita; Panagrellus.