Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
versão On-line ISSN 1414-431X
SIMAS, M.L.B. e SANTOS, N.A.. Narrow-band 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 16 and 24 cycles/360o angular frequency filters. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 2002, vol.35, n.2, pp. 243-253. ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2002000200014.
We measured human frequency response functions for seven angular frequency filters whose test frequencies were centered at 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 16 or 24 cycles/360º using a supra-threshold summation method. The seven functions of 17 experimental conditions each were measured nine times for five observers. For the arbitrarily selected filter phases, the maximum summation effect occurred at test frequency for filters at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 8 cycles/360º. For both 16 and 24 cycles/360º test frequencies, maximum summation occurred at the lower harmonics. These results allow us to conclude that there are narrow-band angular frequency filters operating somehow in the human visual system either through summation or inhibition of specific frequency ranges. Furthermore, as a general result, it appears that addition of higher angular frequencies to lower ones disturbs low angular frequency perception (i.e., 1, 2, 3 and 4 cycles/360º), whereas addition of lower harmonics to higher ones seems to improve detection of high angular frequency harmonics (i.e., 8, 16 and 24 cycles/360º). Finally, we discuss the possible involvement of coupled radial and angular frequency filters in face perception using an example where narrow-band low angular frequency filters could have a major role.
Palavras-chave : Spatial frequency; Angular frequency; Narrow-band frequency filters; Polar gratings; Radial frequency.