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Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research

On-line version ISSN 1414-431X

Abstract

LOPES, A.A.; SOARES, R.P.S.  and  MAEDA, N.Y.. A mathematical framework for group analysis of von Willebrand factor multimeric composition following luminography. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 2002, vol.35, n.11, pp. 1259-1263. ISSN 1414-431X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2002001100002.

The objective of the present study was to establish a method for quantitative analysis of von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimeric composition using a mathematical framework based on curve fitting. Plasma vWF multimers from 15 healthy subjects and 13 patients with advanced pulmonary vascular disease were analyzed by Western immunoblotting followed by luminography. Quantitative analysis of luminographs was carried out by calculating the relative densities of low, intermediate and high molecular weight fractions using laser densitometry. For each densitometric peak (representing a given fraction of vWF multimers) a mean area value was obtained using data from all group subjects (patients and normal individuals) and plotted against the distance between the peak and IgM (950 kDa). Curves were constructed for each group using nonlinear fitting. Results indicated that highly accurate curves could be obtained for healthy controls and patients, with respective coefficients of determination (r2) of 0.9898 and 0.9778. Differences were observed between patients and normal subjects regarding curve shape, coefficients and the region of highest protein concentration. We conclude that the method provides accurate quantitative information on the composition of vWF multimers and may be useful for comparisons between groups and possibly treatments.

Keywords : von Willebrand factor; Luminography; Densitometry; Curve fitting; Pulmonary hypertension.

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