Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
versão On-line ISSN 1414-431X
COVAS, D.T.; SIUFI, J.L.C.; SILVA, A.R.L. e ORELLANA, M.D.. Isolation and culture of umbilical vein mesenchymal stem cells. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 2003, vol.36, n.9, pp. 1179-1183. ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2003000900006.
Bone marrow contains a population of stem cells that can support hematopoiesis and can differentiate into different cell lines including adipocytes, osteocytes, chondrocytes, myocytes, astrocytes, and tenocytes. These cells have been denoted mesenchymal stem cells. In the present study we isolated a cell population derived from the endothelium and subendothelium of the umbilical cord vein which possesses morphological, immunophenotypical and cell differentiation characteristics similar to those of mesenchymal stem cells isolated from bone marrow. The cells were isolated from three umbilical cords after treatment of the umbilical vein lumen with collagenase. The cell population isolated consisted of adherent cells with fibroblastoid morphology which, when properly stimulated, gave origin to adipocytes and osteocytes in culture. Immunophenotypically, this cell population was found to be positive for the CD29, CD13, CD44, CD49e, CD54, CD90 and HLA-class 1 markers and negative for CD45, CD14, glycophorin A, HLA-DR, CD51/61, CD106, and CD49d. The characteristics described are the same as those presented by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Taken together, these findings indicate that the umbilical cord obtained from term deliveries is an important source of mesenchymal stem cells that could be used in cell therapy protocols.
Palavras-chave : Mesenchymal stem cells; Umbilical vein; Adipocytes; Osteocytes; Cell differentiation.