Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
On-line version ISSN 1414-431X
SOTRES-VEGA, A. et al. Tracheal cryopreservation: caspase-3 immunoreactivity in tracheal epithelium and in mixed glands. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 2009, vol.42, n.12, pp. 1156-1162. Epub Nov 06, 2009 ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2009007500009.
Cryopreservation has an immunomodulating effect on tracheal tissue as a result of class II antigen depletion due to epithelium exfoliation. However, not all epithelium is detached. We evaluated the role of apoptosis in the remaining epithelium of 30 cryopreserved tracheal grafts. Caspase-3 immunoreactivity of tracheal epithelium was studied in canine tracheal segments cryopreserved with F12K medium, with or without subsequent storage in liquid nitrogen at -196°C for 15 days. Loss of structural integrity of tracheal mixed glands was observed in all cryopreserved tracheal segments. Caspase-3 immunoreactivity in tracheal mucosa and in mixed glands was significantly decreased, in contrast to the control group and to cryopreserved tracheal segments in which it remained high, due to the effect of storage in liquid nitrogen (P < 0.05, ANOVA and Tukey test). We conclude that apoptosis can be triggered in epithelial cells during tracheal graft harvesting even prior to cryopreservation, and although the epithelial caspase-3 immunoreactivity is reduced in tracheal cryopreservation, this could be explained by increased cell death. Apoptosis cannot be stopped during tracheal cryopreservation.
Keywords : Tracheal cryopreservation; Epithelium; Caspase-3.