Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
versión On-line ISSN 1414-431X
KERBAUY, G.; PERUGINI, M.R.E.; YAMAUCHI, L.M. y YAMADA-OGATTA, S.F.. Vancomycin-dependent Enterococcus faecium vanA: characterization of the first case isolated in a university hospital in Brazil. Braz J Med Biol Res [online]. 2011, vol.44, n.3, pp. 253-257. Epub 21-Ene-2011 ISSN 1414-431X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2011007500006.
In this study, we report the characterization of a strain of Enterococcus faecium vanA, which grows only in the presence of vancomycin (VDEfm-UEL). The bacterium was isolated from the feces of a female patient who had undergone surgical treatment of Reinke’s edema and was receiving intravenous vancomycin therapy for infection with methicillin/oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a postoperative complication. Antimicrobial dependence was further confirmed by the vancomycin E-test. VDEfm-UEL was also shown to be resistant to ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, levofloxacin, penicillin, rifampicin, and teicoplanin. The putative virulence genes efaA, gelE and esp were detected by PCR. The ddl gene from VDEfm-UEL was cloned and sequenced. Vancomycin dependence seems to be associated with the insertion of a nucleotide in that sequence, which results in a frame-shift mutation, introducing a premature stop codon. This is the first report of vancomycin-dependent E. faecium isolation in a university hospital in Brazil.
Palabras llave : Enterococcus faecium; Vancomycin; Dependence; vanA genotype; Virulence factors.