Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
On-line version ISSN 1678-457X
DEMIATE, I.M.; BARANA, A.C.; CEREDA, M.P. and WOSIACKI, G.. Organic acid profile of commercial sour cassava starch. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 1999, vol.19, n.1, pp. 131-135. ISSN 1678-457X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20611999000100024.
Organic acids are present in sour cassava starch ("polvilho azedo") and contribute with organoleptic and physical characteristics like aroma, flavor and the exclusive baking property, that differentiate this product from the native cassava starch. Samples of commercial sour cassava starch collected in South and Southeast Brazil were prepared for high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The HPLC equipment had a Biorad Aminex HPX-87H column for organic acid analysis and a refractometric detector. Analysis was carried out with 0.005M sulfuric acid as mobile phase, 0.6ml/min flow rate and column temperature of 60° C. The acids quantified were lactic (0.036 to 0.813 g/100g), acetic (0 to 0.068 g/100g), propionic (0 to 0.013 g/100g) and butyric (0 to 0.057 g/100g), that are produced during the natural fermentation of cassava starch. Results showed large variation among samples, even within the same region. Some samples exhibited high acid levels, mainly lactic acid, but in these neither propionic nor butyric acids were detected. Absence of butyric acid was not expected because this is an important component of the sour cassava starch aroma, and the lack of this acid may suggest that such samples were produced without the natural fermentation step.
Keywords : fermentation; cassava sour starch; quality.