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Food Science and Technology

versão impressa ISSN 0101-2061versão On-line ISSN 1678-457X

Resumo

LIMA, Carlos A. P.; ORSI, Reinaldo B.; DILKIN, Paulo  e  CORREA, Benedito. Mycoflora and aflatoxigenic species in derivatives of milled rice. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2000, vol.20, n.1, pp.37-39. ISSN 0101-2061.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612000000100008.

Thirty samples of rough rice stored for 6, 12 and 24 months in government authorized warehouses of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were simultaneously collected. After milling of the product, 90 samples (30 of polished rice, 30 of rice bran and 30 of rice hull) were evaluated for their mycoflora, aflatoxigenic species and aflatoxin contamination. The following fungi, listed in decreasing order of frequency, were isolated on Potato-Dextrose Agar: Aspergillus spp., Nigrospora spp., Penicillium spp.; Fusarium spp.; Mucor spp.; Cladosporium spp.; Trichosporon spp. and non-sporulated fungi. The degree of fungal contamination (colony forming units per gram of product) was lowest in polished rice, increasing progressively in samples of rice bran and rice hull. Among the Aspergillus species, A. flavus and A. candidus were isolated most frequently. Of the A. flavus isolates, 52.6% strains were found to be toxigenic and produced only Group B aflatoxins. Analysis of the 90 samples did not reveal the presence of aflatoxins in the rice derivatives.

Palavras-chave : aflatoxin; Aspergillus flavus; mycoflora; milled rice; stored rice.

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