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Food Science and Technology

versión impresa ISSN 0101-2061versión On-line ISSN 1678-457X

Resumen

NASIR, Mohammad Ibraim. Processing of spent nickelcatalyst for fat recovery. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2001, vol.21, n.1, pp.10-13. ISSN 0101-2061.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612001000100004.

Spent nickel catalyst (SNC) has the potential of insulting the quality of the environment in a number of ways. Its disposal has a pollution effect. Optimum recovery of fat from SNC, could save the environment and reduce the oil loss. Hexane has been the solvent of choice for oil extraction. Alternative solvents considered to have been safer have been evaluated. Hexane, isopropanol, ethanol and heptane were examined using soxhlet extraction. While hexane is more efficient in oil recovery from SNC, isopropanol proved to be very good in clear separation of oil from waste material and also provides high solvent recovery compared to other solvents. Isopropanol extraction with chill separation of miscella into lower oil-rich phase, and an upper, solvent-rich recyclable phase save mush energy of vaporization for distilling. An aqueous extraction process with immiscible solvent assisted was tested. Solvent like hexane added to SNC, and water added later with continuous stirring. The mixture was stirred for about 30 minutes, prior to centrifugation. Aqueous process extracted less amount of oil compared to solvent extraction.

Palabras clave : SNC; Soxhlet; Isopropanol; Solvent extraction; Fat.

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