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Food Science and Technology

Print version ISSN 0101-2061On-line version ISSN 1678-457X

Abstract

LIMA, Keila S. Cople et al. EFFECT OF THE g IONIZING IRRADIATION ON AFTER CROP QUALITY OF CV. "NANTES" CARROTS (Daucus carota L.). Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2001, vol.21, n.2, pp.202-208. ISSN 0101-2061.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612001000200015.

The goal of this work was to evaluate the effect of g irradiation on the post harvest physical and chemical characteristics of cv. Nantes carrots. According to the Family Budget Survey (FBS, 1991) carried out in the Brazilian Southeast, within the roots and tubers group, carrots are widely consumed. It is also well known that the carrot is one of the best sources of provitamin A (a and b-carotene). Doses of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0kgy of g ionizing irradiation, from a cesium source, in accordance with the maximum dose allowed by the FDA (1995), were used on the carrots. The different treatments and the control group were evaluated by analysing for pH, total soluble solids (TSS), total titratable acidity (TTA), TSS/TTA ratio, weight loss, hardness, colour, total carotenoid content, ascorbic acid concentration and volatiles. The variance analysis (F of the Fisher treatment) of the results showed no significant difference at the 5% level between the irradiated samples and the control group for most of the tests, except for the colour intensity, which faded with increase in the irradiation dose, total acidity and TSS/TTA ratio, which decreased due to the decrease in the organic acid concentration after harvest. The results show that the low dose irradiation process is very promising to maintain the quality of the product, being a good alternative to avoid post harvest losses.

Keywords : carrot; irradiation; volatiles and vitamins.

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