Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
On-line version ISSN 1678-457X
MADRUGA, Marta Suely; SANTOS, Hosana Bandeira; BION, Francisca Martins and ANTUNES, Norma Lúcia Marinho. Nutritional evaluation of a diet supplement with "multimistura": study with rats. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2004, vol.24, n.1, pp. 129-133. ISSN 1678-457X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612004000100023.
A study was developed with 60 Wistar male rats, aiming to evaluate the influence of a "multimistura" against malnutrition. All animals were submitted to 14 days of malnutrition, and after this period, 12 rats were selected to constitute group "O" or non-protein; the others were distributed among 4 groups: I - control diet of casein; II - crèche diet; III - crèche diet plus 1,2g of multimistura; IV - crèche diet plus 2.4g of "multimistura". The "multimistura" was formulated by using 47.5% of corn bran, 47.5% of wheat bran, 4% of powder from melon seeds, sesame, pumpkinseeds and peanut; 0.5% of powder from cassava leaves and 0.5% of eggshell powder. The chemical composition showed that the multimistura presented high contents of carbohydrates (74.24%) and proteins (11.75%). The "multimistura" presented in its mineral composition 8.07mg% of iron; 357.45mg% of calcium; 235.10mg% of magnesium; 677.65mg% of potassium; 570.21mg% of phosphorus and 7.02mg% of sodium. The biological essay revealed that group I presented a body-weight 42% higher than groups II and III, and 37% more than group IV. The food and protein intake were better presented by group I. The addition of multimistura did not affect the rat recovery.
Keywords : multimistura; malnutrition; Wistar rats; chemical composition.