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Food Science and Technology

Print version ISSN 0101-2061On-line version ISSN 1678-457X

Abstract

SCHUMANN, Simone Pinheiro Alves; POLONIO, Maria Lucia Teixeira  and  GONCALVES, Édira Castello Branco de Andrade. Evaluation of artificial dye intake by children. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2008, vol.28, n.3, pp.534-539. ISSN 0101-2061.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612008000300005.

This study aimed at evaluating the intake of solid jelly powder, solid juice powder and soft drinks by children. The intakes were estimated through the application of a quantitative and qualitative food frequency questionnaire. The study was pursued in the pediatric nutrition ambulatory of Gaffrée Guinle University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data were treated with the SPSS 8.0 software in order to analyze the frequencies and crossing of variables. It was verified that children of different ages consumed variable amounts of artificial colorings through widespread industrialized products, introduced, in many cases, before 1 year of age. The industrialized products mentioned by the surveyed population declared in their labels to contain artificial colorings such as sunset yellow (FD&C Yellow no. 6), tartrazine (FD&C Yellow no. 5) and amaranth (FD&C Red no. 2). The individual contributions of the coloring additives to the daily intake of the subjects were added in order to compare with the maximum levels allowed by the current regulation. It was observed that the great majority of the children evaluated surpassed the daily ingestion permitted for amaranth; 20% of the children surpassed the daily ingestion for sunset yellow. Compliance with the JECFA's recommendations and the Brazilian legislation shall only be attained by promoting educational actions that warn about the risks and stimulate the rational use of these products by consumers.

Keywords : children; solid jelly powder; solid juice powder; soft drinks; legislation.

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