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Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
On-line version ISSN 1678-457X
ANDRADE, Meire Cristina Nogueira de; MINHONI, Marli Teixeira de Almeida and ZIED, Diego Cunha. Bromatological characterization of Lentinula edodes strains (Shiitake) grown on Eucalyptus grandis logs. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2008, vol.28, n.4, pp.793-797. ISSN 1678-457X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612008000400005.
Lentinula edodes is high quality food which is rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals and poor in calories and fat. However, its nutritional value is variable according to the strain grown, processing after harvest, development stage of basidiomata, and substrate used. Thus, the objective of this paper was to carry out the bromatological characterization of basidiomatas from eight (LE-95/01, LE-95/02, LE-95/07, LE-96/17, LE-96/18, LE-98/47, LE-98/55 e LE-96/13) L. edodes strains, whole or in parts (stalk and pileus), produced in E. grandis logs. We verified that both the L. edodes strains and parts of basidiomatas analyzed influenced nutritional responses of the samples. The stalk presented the highest raw fiber averages and the lowest raw protein averages. The pileus presented the highest ash averages. For all basidiomatas evaluations, the highest averages concerning raw protein contents were obtained for the strains LE-95/07, LE-96/17 and LE-96/18. The highest raw fiber average was obtained for the L. edodes strain LE-96/13. The lipids content of the pileus and the stalk did not vary among L. edodes strains.
Keywords : shiitake; strains; mushroom; nutritional value.