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Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061On-line version ISSN 1678-457X
SILVEIRA, Márcia Luciane Lange; FURLAN, Sandra Aparecida and NINOW, Jorge Luiz. Development of an alternative technology for the oyster mushroom production using liquid inoculum. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2008, vol.28, n.4, pp.858-862. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612008000400014.
Pleurotus ostreatus, worldwide known as oyster mushroom, was cultivated in banana straw using inocula produced by two different processes - liquid inoculum and the traditionally used solid inoculum. Different ratios (5, 10, 15, and 20%) were tested. Biological efficiency, yield, productivity, organic matter loss, and moisture of fruiting bodies as well as physical-chemical characteristics of banana straw were studied. Significant differences were observed for cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose content between one and two harvests for both solid and liquid inocula. It was observed that P. ostreatus growth promoted higher degradation of lignin (80.36%), followed by hemicellulose (78.64%) and cellulose (60.37%). Significant differences between one and two harvests were also observed for the production parameters (biological efficiency and yield) for both kinds of inocula, liquid and solid. However, significant differences in productivity between harvests were observed only for solid inoculum.
Keywords : liquid inoculum; solid inoculum; inoculation ratio.