Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
CARCIOFI, Bruno Augusto Mattar and LAURINDO, João Borges. Experimental results and modeling of poultry carcass cooling by water immersion. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.2, pp. 447-453. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000200023.
Poultry carcasses have to be chilled to reduce the central breast temperatures from approximately 40 to 4 °C, which is crucial to ensure safe products. This work investigated the cooling of poultry carcasses by water immersion. Poultry carcasses were taken directly from an industrial processing plant and cooled in a pilot chiller, which was built to investigate the influence of the method and the water stirring intensity on the carcasses cooling. A simplified empiric mathematical model was used to represent the experimental results. These results indicated clearly that the understanding and quantification of heat transfer between the carcass and the cooling water is crucial to improve processes and equipment. The proposed mathematical model is a useful tool to represent the dynamics of carcasses cooling, and it can be used to compare different chiller operational conditions in industrial plants. Therefore, this study reports data and a simple mathematical tool to handle an industrial problem with little information available in the literature.
Keywords : poultry processing; heat transfer; water immersion; experiments; mathematical modeling.