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Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
versão impressa ISSN 0101-2061
NAVES, Luciana de Paula; CORREA, Angelita Duarte; SANTOS, Custódio Donizete dos e ABREU, Celeste Maria Patto de. Antinutritional components and protein digestibility in pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita maxima) submitted to different processing methods. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2010, vol.30, suppl.1, pp. 180-184. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000500027.
Vegetable subproducts have been used in diets with the purpose of improving the nutritional quality of undernourished populations. However, the antinutrients present in those foods can cause adverse health effects. Therefore, the contents of polyphenols, cyanide, saponins, trypsin inhibitor, hemaglutinin activity, and the percentage of the in vitro protein digestibility of raw and thermally treated pumpkin seeds were investigated with the objective of selecting the processing that results in major antinutrient reduction and greater protein digestibility. Pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita maxima) were submitted to the following treatments, which were carried out in quadruplicate: used raw; boiled for 5, 10, and 15 minutes; and steamed for 10 minutes. Next, the seeds were freeze-dried, grinded, and stored at room temperature until the analyses were completed. There was no significant difference among the treatments as for the levels of polyphenols. The raw seeds showed the highest content of cyanide, smallest level of trypsin inhibitor, and smallest protein digestibility. The 10-minute boiling resulted in the lowest content of saponins and greatest protein digestibility. No Hemaglutinin activity was detected in the samples. It can be concluded that the 10-minute boiling was the treatment that produced better results.
Palavras-chave : Cucurbita maxima; pumpkin seed; processing; antinutrient; protein digestibility.