Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
PODESTA, Rossana et al. Identification of volatile compounds in thinning discards from plum trees (Prunus salicina Lindl.) cultivar Harry Pickstone. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.3, pp. 710-713. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612011000300024.
Plum (Prunus salicina Lindl. cv. Harry Pickstone), a China indigenous fruit, is widely produced and consumed in countries such as Japan and Brazil. The practice of thinning is common in horticulture and the fruits removed are discarded as waste. Like the great majority of vegetables, these thinning discards also contain essential oils which have not been investigated until the present time. The extraction of the plum thinning discards volatile oil, through the hydrodistillation method, produced a yield of 0.06% (m/m) and a total of 21 components were identified, with 11 of them being responsible for 72,9% of the total oil composition. The major compounds determined through GC and GC-MS were Z-α-bisabolene (13.7%), n-hexadecanoic acid (12.7%), phytol (12.7%), and β-caryophyllene (10.4%).
Keywords : plum; thinning; essential oils.