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Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
FERNANDES, Aline Gurgel et al. Chemical and physicochemical characteristics changes during passion fruit juice processing. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.3, pp.747-751. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612011000300030.
Passion fruit is widely consumed due to its pleasant flavour and aroma acidity, and it is considered very important a source of minerals and vitamins. It is used in many products such as ice-cream, mousses and, especially, juices. However, the processing of passion fruit juice may modify the composition and biodisponibility of the bioactive compounds. Investigations of the effects of processing on nutritional components in tropical juices are scarce. Frequently, only losses of vitamin C are evaluated. The objective of this paper is to investigate how some operations of passion fruit juice processing (formulation/homogeneization/thermal treatment) affect this product's chemical and physicochemical characteristics. The results showed that the chemical and physicochemical characteristics are little affected by the processing although a reduction in vitamin C contents and anthocyanin, large quantities of carotenoids was verified even after the pasteurization stage.
Keywords : passion fruit juice; hot fill process; thermal treatment; vitamin C; carotenoids; industrial processing.