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Food Science and Technology (Campinas)

Print version ISSN 0101-2061

Abstract

ALBARICI, Tatiane Regina  and  PESSOA, José Dalton Cruz. Effects of heat treatment and storage temperature on the use of açaí drink by nutraceutical and beverage industries. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.1, pp. 9-14.  Epub Mar 06, 2012. ISSN 0101-2061.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612012005000026.

This study assesses the storage temperature effect on the anthocyanins of pasteurized and unpasteurized açaí pulp. The data was obtained using a pasteurized and lyophilized pulp (PLP) to evaluate the temperature effect (0, 25, and 40 °C). Part of non-pasteurized frozen pulp (NPP) was pasteurized (NPP-P) at 90 °C for 30 seconds; both pulps were stored at 40 °C. The anthocyanin content reduction in the drink was evaluated from the half-life time (t1/2), activation energy (Ea), temperature quotient (Q10), and the reaction rate constant (k). The t1/2 of the PLP anthocyanins stored at 40 °C was 1.8 times less than that stored at 25 °C and 15 times less than that stored at 0 °C; therefore, the higher temperatures decreased the stability of anthocyanins. The pasteurization increased the t1/2 by 6.6 times (10.14 hours for NPP and 67.28 hours for NPP-P). The anthocyanin degradation on NPP-P followed a first order kinetic, while NPP followed a second order kinetic; thus it can be said that the pasteurization process can improve the preservation of anthocyanins in the pulp.

Keywords : Euterpe oleracea; açaí pulp; anthocyanins; degradation; pasteurization.

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