Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
SANTOS, Marli da Silva; MIGUEL, Obdulio Gomes; PETKOWICZ, Carmen Lúcia Oliveira and CANDIDO, Lys Mary Bileski. Antioxidant and fatty acid profile of gabiroba seed (Campomanesisa Xanthocarpa Berg). Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.2, pp. 234-238. Epub Apr 17, 2012. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612012005000045.
This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant potential and fatty acid profile of gabiroba (Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg) seeds. In order to obtain the extract, the seeds were dried, crushed, and subjected to sequential extraction by maceration and percolation in a modified soxhlet extractor using solvent polarity gradient composed of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and alcohol, respectively. The extraction time was six hours. The ethanol extract showed the highest antioxidant potential, given by the EC50 value and the amount of total phenolic compounds. High amounts of unsaturated fatty acids were found in the oil studied, especially the oleic acid.
Keywords : technological use; native species; Brazilian flora.