Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
ANDRADE JUNIOR, Moacir Couto de and ANDRADE, Jerusa Souza. Physicochemical changes in cubiu fruits (Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal) at different ripening stages. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.2, pp. 250-254. Epub May 08, 2012. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612012005000049.
Cubiu shrubs (Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal) have drawn the attention of researchers for their biological versatility (preferential heliophilous or facultative ombrophilous shrubs), their capacity to grow in upland or lowland areas, and the good technological quality of their fruits for the food industry. The aim of this study was to verify physicochemical changes in cubiu fruits during maturation. The fruits were harvested from the experimental station of olericulture of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Brazil. The analyses were performed in whole cubiu fruits (peel, pulp, and placenta) at four traditional ripening stages (green, turning, ripe, and fully ripe) for the determination of weight, moisture, total solids, total carotenoids, proteins, lipids, and ash. Cubiu fruits showed large weight variation, with amodal distribution. The ripe stage was critical to maintain moisture, and from that stage on, water loss became evident. The lipids increased steadily over the four ripening stages, maintaining, however, insignificant calorie content. Total carotenoids, proteins, and ash reached the maximum level at the fully ripe stage. With the exception of weight and moisture, all physicochemical changes exhibited the same general behavior, i.e. they increased as the fruits ripened at the four investigated stages.
Keywords : ash; carotenoids; lipids; moisture; proteins; weight.