Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
FELIPOFF, Ana Lia; ZULETA, Angela; SAMBUCETTI, Maria Elena and RIO, Maria Esther. Not any type of rice performs equally to improve lactose-induced diarrhea characteristics in rats: is amylose an antidiarrheal factor?. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.2, pp.323-328. Epub May 29, 2012. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612012005000057.
The effectiveness of different types of rice in relation to their ability to accelerate diarrhea recovering was evaluated in a rat model of osmotic diarrhea (OD). Animals (90-100 g) received protein free diet until reaching up to 20% weight loss, followed by lactose rich diet (LRD) to induce osmotic diarrhea. Rats presenting osmotic diarrhea were divided into 4 groups, which received lactose rich diet for 4 days from 8 am to 8 pm, and one of three experimental products containing 6% rice flour differing in amylose content during the night: high (HA), intermediate (IA), and low (LA). A group fed stock diet containing equivalent amount of lactose was taken as control and allowed to recover spontaneously. Amylose and viscosity (cp at 25 °C, 10 rpm) of final products were determined. Effectiveness was expressed as the ratio between percentages of normal vs. diarrheic stools during the treatment. Fecal characteristics in this rat model improved only as result of feeding high amylose content (HA) type of rice. In this experimental model of osmotic diarrhea in young rats, the antidiarrheal effects of rice were strongly dependent on the type of diet used and appear to be related to its amylose content.
Keywords : amylase; high amylose rice; rats; rice; diarrhea treatment.