Food Science and Technology (Campinas)
Print version ISSN 0101-2061
SALEHI, Musa; YOUSEFINEJAD, Abbas and PISHDAD, Gholamreza. The effect of a diet education with six iso-caloric meals on the body weight and blood glucose of diabetes type 2 patients. Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.2, pp. 329-333. Epub Mar 20, 2012. ISSN 0101-2061. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612012005000035.
The treatment of Diabetes should not only be sought through drug administration; diet is also a part of its treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a diet with six meals having equal calories on the body weight and blood glucose on diabetes type 2 patients. This research is an Experimental study conducted in 2009 on 181 patients with diabetes. The patients visited the IDSF (Iranian Diabetes Society of Fars) weekly and the patients to be studied were randomly divided into two groups of 85 and 96 patients, respectively. The participants were repeatedly requested to consume their calculated calorie in six equal parts. The average age in the Experimental and Control groups were 51.2 ± 13.3 and 53.1 ± 9.4, respectively. The mean body weight and fasting blood glucose at the beginning of the study in Experimental and Control groups were 66.3 ± 9.4 and 69.1 ± 11.1 kg, 198.9 ± 35.1, and 199.8 ± 39.1 mg.dL-1, respectively. At the end of the study, however, the values were 63.5 ± 7.5 and 66.98 ± 9 kg, 139.5 ± 34.6 and 164.2 ± 22.1 mg.dL-1, respectively. Only the mean fasting blood glucose at the end of the study revealed a significant difference (p-value = 0.001). The results show that educating those afflicted with Diabetes Type 2 aiming at changing their diet can greatly help them manage their blood glucose.
Keywords : calorie; diabetes; glucose; meal.