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Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia
versión impresa ISSN 0101-2800
SILVEIRA, Cíntia Botelho et al. Quality of life of hemodialysis patients in a Brazilian Public Hospital in Belém - Pará. J. Bras. Nefrol. [online]. 2010, vol.32, n.1, pp. 39-44. ISSN 0101-2800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-28002010000100008.
INTRODUCTION: End-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) requiring dialysis affects the quality of life sometimes more severely than other chronic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, heart failure, coronary artery disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exerting a negative effect on the energy and vitality levels, limiting social interactions, and hindering psychic health. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life of patients with CKD on hemodialysis in a public Brazilian Amazonian hospital. METHODS: Data were collected through interview based on the Brazilian version of the SF-36 questionnaire. The study was conducted on 50 patients (mean age, 48 ± 16 years; mean hemodialysis time, 3 ± 2.9 years). RESULTS: The most affected domain was role limitations due to physical health, with a mean score of 36 ± 36, and 58% of the patients in the lowest quartile, while mental health and social functioning were relatively preserved, with most patients in the highest quartile. Men obtained poorer scores than women did for role limitations due to physical health and vitality. Age correlated negatively with physical functioning. Patients on hemodialysis for more than one year had better scores in the social functioning domain, with a positive correlation between dialysis time and physical functioning. CONCLUSIONS: The domains assessed were globally impaired in the population studied, especially regarding role limitations due to physical health, suggesting that chronic disease with prolonged treatment has a negative influence on those domains.
Palabras clave : chronic kidney failure; renal dialysis; quality of life.