SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.33 issue2Serum cystatin C: a practical alternative for renal function evaluation? author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia

On-line version ISSN 2175-8239


ROCHA, Paulo Novis. Hyponatremia: basic concepts and practical approach. J. Bras. Nefrol. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.2, pp. 248-260. ISSN 2175-8239.

Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte imbalance in hospitalized patients. It is associated with several unfavorable endpoints such as: the need for intensive care, longer hospital stay, higher hospitalization costs, discharge to long-term care facilities, and mortality. It is still not clear if there is a direct causal relationship or if hyponatremia is simply a marker of disease severity. Nevertheless, it is quite clear that improper management of a hyponatremic patient may result in severe neurologic damage or death. This paper addresses the basic pathophysiologic concepts about hyponatremia followed by a practical approach to its diagnosis and management.

Keywords : hyponatremia; inappropriate adh syndrome; receptors; vasopressin; liver cirrhosis; heart Failure.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License