Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia
Print version ISSN 0101-2800
LORDSLEEM, Andrea et al. Cardiac evaluation of patients with chronic kidney disease: what lessons?. J. Bras. Nefrol. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp. 08-15. ISSN 0101-2800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-28002012000100002.
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experiment a synergistic effect of the traditional and the emerging uremia-related risk factors for atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: Draw the epidemiologic profile of a group of CKD patients who underwent cardiac evaluation. METHODS: Symptomatic patients, patients with ischemia on myocardial scintigraphy and/or systolic dysfunction on echocardiography, patients older than 50 years and diabetes mellitus (DM) as a cause of CKD, and those with two or more risk factors underwent coronary angiography. Asymptomatic, non-diabetic patients and patients with no risk factors were investigated with echocardiography. Those with a single risk factor were investigated with echocardiography and scintigraphy. RESULTS: 46 patients (58.7% men) were enrolled. Their mean age was 50.7 ± 11.7 years. 91.3% were on dialysis, for 61.96 ± 55.1 months. Hypertension was the cause of CKD in 56.5%. Of the 28 patients (60.9%) who underwent angiography, 53.6% had coronary artery disease (CAD). The patients were divided into three groups: those with CAD (A), those without CAD (B) and those who didn't undergo coronary angiography (C). A significant difference occurred only between groups B and C, as regards an abnormal ABI (p = 0.026), with no ABI abnormality in group C, and as regards the mean age, which was higher in group B (p = 0.045). In group A, 53.3% of the patients were in the preoperative stage of parathyroidectomy. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the high rate of cardiovascular disorders, including CAD, in patients with CKD, especially those on dialysis.
Keywords : Coronary disease; Renal insufficiency, chronic; Inflammation; Atherosclerosis.