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Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia
Print version ISSN 0101-2800
DINIZ, Denise Para; MARQUES, Daniella Aparecida; BLAY, Sérgio Luis and SCHOR, Nestor. Stressful life events and acute kidney injury in intensive and semi-intensive care unities. J. Bras. Nefrol. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp.50-57. ISSN 0101-2800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-28002012000100008.
INTRODUCTION: Several studies point out that pathophysiological changes related to stress may influence renal function and are associated with disease onset and evolution. However, we have not found any studies about the influence of stress on renal function and acute kidney injury. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between stressful life events and acute kidney injury diagnosis, specifying the most stressful classes of events for these patients in the past 12 months. METHODS: Case-control study. The study was carried out at Hospital São Paulo, in Universidade Federal de São Paulo and at Hospital dos Servidores do Estado de São Paulo, in Brazil. Patients with acute kidney injury and no chronic disease, admitted to the intensive or semi-intensive care units were included. Controls included patients in the same intensive care units with other acute diseases, except for the acute kidney injury, and also with no chronic disease. Out of the 579 patients initially identified, 475 answered to the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) questionnaire and 398 were paired by age and gender (199 cases and 199 controls). RESULTS: The rate of stressful life events was statistically similar between cases and controls. The logistic regression analysis to detect associated effects of the independent variables to the stressful events showed that: increasing age and economic classes A and B in one of the hospitals (Hospital São Paulo - UNIFESP) increased the chance of a stressful life event (SLE). CONCLUSIONS: This study did not show association between the Acute Kidney Injury Group with a higher frequency of stressful life events, but that old age, higher income, and type of clinical center were associated.
Keywords : Acute kidney injury; Intensive Care Units; Stress, psychological; Social class.