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Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia
Print version ISSN 0101-2800
REIS, Geisilaine Soares dos et al. Application of molecular biology at the approach of Bartter's syndrome: case report. J. Bras. Nefrol. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp.82-86. ISSN 0101-2800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-28002012000100014.
This paper aims to show the utility of molecular biology for diagnose Bartter syndrome (BS) by the case report of two sisters and to propose a diagram for the molecular approach of this syndrome. The two reported cases presented prematurity, pregnancy complicated with polyhydramnio and low birth weight. During the first year of life, children exhibited polyuria, polydipsia and failure to thrive, leading to the investigation of renal tubular diseases and innate errors of metabolism. The laboratorial exams suggested BS, but the definitive diagnostic was only obtained by the detection of homozygous mutation on the exon 5 of the gene KCNJ1, resulting in a substitution of the aminoacid alanin for valin on codon 214 (A214V) in both DNA stripes in the two sisters and a heterozygous mutation in their parents. The definitive diagnostic of BS is frequently very difficult to be obtained. Consequently, considering the reported cases, we showed the utility of molecular techniques for the definitive diagnostic of BS and we proposed a diagram for the rational use of these techniques.
Keywords : Molecular Biology; Renal Tubular Transport, Inborn Errors; Bartter Syndrome.