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Brazilian Journal of Nephrology

Print version ISSN 0101-2800On-line version ISSN 2175-8239

Abstract

PEREIRA, Priscila Moreira de Lima; SOARES, Íris Teixeira; BASTOS, Marcus Gomes  and  CANDIDO, Ana Paula Carlos. Thumb adductor muscle thickness used in the nutritional assessment of chronic kidney disease patients under conservative treatment. J. Bras. Nefrol. [online]. In press. , pp.-.  Epub Sep 21, 2018. ISSN 0101-2800.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-8239-jbn-2018-0122.

Introduction:

Evaluate the association between the thumb adductor muscle thickness and the patient's nutritional status, and propose cutoff points for muscle mass depletion in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) under conservative treatment. Epidemiological and cross-sectional study, including patients with CKD stages 3 to 5, older than 60 years. Socioeconomic, clinical, physical activity and anthropometric data was obtained. TAMT was described and compared according to CKD stage, socioeconomic data, physical activity, nutritional status and correlated with age, glomerular filtration rate and anthropometric variables. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were produced, considering the lean tissue index classification as reference. The cut-off point was defined by the Youden index.

Results:

We evaluated 137 individuals. The TAMT was lower in malnourished and/or depleted muscle mass individuals; among males it was higher among those who practiced physical activities (p <0.05). This measure was moderately correlated with BMI, calf and brachial circumferences, lean body tissue, lean tissue index and body cell mass (r <0.7); negatively with age (r = -0.34). The ROC curve analysis determined cut points of 15.33 mm for females and 20.33 mm for males, with 72.22% and 62.50% accuracy, respectively.

Conclusion:

TAMT is used to estimate muscle mass and we suggest the cutoff point is useful to rule out the likelihood of muscle mass depletion. It is recommended that it be used in a complementary way in nutritional assessment.

Keywords : Anthropometry; Nutrition Assessment; Muscles; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic; Conservative Treatment.

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