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Brazilian Journal of Nephrology

Print version ISSN 0101-2800On-line version ISSN 2175-8239

Abstract

MILHORANSA, Patricia; MONTANARI, Carolina Caruccio; MONTENEGRO, Rosangela  and  MANFRO, Roberto Ceratti. Micro RNA 146a-5p expression in Kidney transplant recipients with delayed graft function. J. Bras. Nefrol. [online]. In press. , pp.-.  Epub Nov 08, 2018. ISSN 0101-2800.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-8239-jbn-2018-0098.

Introduction:

The development of novel non-invasive biomarkers of kidney graft dysfunction, especially in the course of the delayed graft function period would be an important step forward in the clinical practice of kidney transplantation.

Methods:

We evaluated by RT-PCR the expression of miRNA-146 to -5p ribonucleic micro-acids (miRNAs) in the peripheral blood and renal tissue obtained from kidney transplant recipients who underwent a surveillance graft biopsy during the period of delayed graft function.

Results:

In biopsy samples, the expression of miR-146a-5p was significantly increased in the group of patients with delayed graft function (DGF) (n = 33) versus stables patients (STA) (n = 13) and patients with acute rejection (AR) (n = 9) (p = 0.008). In peripheral blood samples, a non-significant increase of miR-146a-5p expression was found in the DGF group versus STA and AR groups (p = 0.083). No significant correlation was found between levels of expression in biopsy and plasma. ROC curve analysis revealed an AUC of 0.75 (95% CI: 0.62-0.88) for the renal tissue expression and 0.67 (95% CI 0.52-0.81) for the peripheral blood expression.

Conclusion:

We conclude that miR-146a-5p expression has a distinct pattern in the renal tissue and perhaps in the peripheral blood in the setting of DGF. Further refinements and strategies for studies should be developed in the field of non-invasive molecular diagnosis of kidney graft dysfunction.

Keywords : Kidney transplantation; Graft Rejection; Delayed Graft Function; Blood; Biopsy; MicroRNAs; Biomarkers; Molecular Diagnostic Techniques.

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