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Revista Brasileira de Sementes

versão impressa ISSN 0101-3122

Resumo

DIAS, Denise Cunha Fernandes dos Santos; BHERING, Maria Carmen; TOKUHISA, Dai  e  HILST, Paulo Cesar. Electrical conductivity test to evaluate onion seed vigor. Rev. bras. sementes [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.1, pp.154-162. ISSN 0101-3122.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222006000100022.

The electrical conductivity test has potential for use in vegetable seed quality control programs. However, as some factors can affect the results, procedure tests must be defined to produce consistent results. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of seed moisture content, water volume and imbibition period on the efficiency of the electrical conductivity test to evaluate onion seed vigor. The physiological quality of the seeds was evaluated by the germination test, first count, controlled deterioration, cool germination and seedling emergence in commercial substratum. Electrical conductivity tests were determined at 2, 4, 6, 8, 24 and 48 hours imbibition, using four subsamples of 50 seeds of 10, 15 and 20% moisture content, soaked in 25 and 50mL water, at 25ºC. It was concluded that the electrical conductivity test was efficient for vigor evaluation of onion seeds, but the shorter imbibition periods (up to 8 hours) were not sensitive to identify the seed vigor level. Seeds of 10% moisture content soaked in 25 or 50mL water for 24 hours provided the most accurate separation of lots in different vigor levels.

Palavras-chave : Allium cepa; physiological potential; leakage.

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