Revista Brasileira de Sementes
Print version ISSN 0101-3122
CICERO, Silvio Moure; SCHOOR, Rob Van Der and JALINK, Henk. Use of chlrophyll fluorescence sorting to improve soybean seed quality. Rev. bras. sementes [online]. 2009, vol.31, n.4, pp. 145-151. ISSN 0101-3122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222009000400017.
The occurrence of green seeded soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] is a problem closely related to unfavorable climatic conditions, mainly drought, that occurs during the final stages of seed maturation. This problem causes serious losses to soybean seed quality in Brazil. In these seeds, chlorophyll is not properly degraded during maturation, drastically reducing seed quality. Using the chlorophyll fluorescence technique, it is possible to remove green seeds from the seed lot, improving seed quality in several species in which the occurrence of green seeds is also a problem. The objective of this research was to study the use of the chlorophyll fluorescence technique in sorting green seeds from soybean seed samples and its effects on quality. Five seed samples of soybean, cultivar TMG 113 RR, with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of green seeds were used in this study. Seeds from each sample were sorted into two fractions based on the chlorophyll fluorescence signals and then compared to the control (non-sorted seeds). The sorting process showed great differences between the low and high chlorophyll fluorescence fractions. It was concluded that: green seeds of soybeans present high chlorophyll fluorescence and that this characteristic affects the quality of the seeds; it is possible to improve the quality of soybean seed by removing green seeds using the chlorophyll fluorescence sorting technique.
Keywords : Glycine max (L.) Merrill; green seeds; seed maturation; seed processing; seed vigor.