Revista Brasileira de Sementes
Print version ISSN 0101-3122
JACOB JUNIOR, Elias Abrahão et al. Changes in canola plant architecture and seed physiological quality in response to different sowing densities. Rev. bras. sementes [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp. 14-20. ISSN 0101-3122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222012000100002.
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in canola yield components and seed physiological quality in response to different sowing densities. The study was made in a greenhouse at the REIPESOL Company Technological Center, Madrid - Spain, with the commercial "Toccata" hybrid variety. The initial sowing density was 360,000 plants/ha and the plant population was later thinned down to include treatments of 250 and 180 thousand plants/ha. Harvested seeds were sent to the Seed Technology Center Laboratory (CATES) at the Madrid Polytechnic University (UPM) to evaluate changes in plant architecture and yield components, as well as the seed physiological quality of different plant parts. Results demonstrated that canola plants showed changes in morphology and yield components in response to different sowing densities. The population of 250,000 plants/ha showed the best seed yield demonstrating that maximum yield is directly related to a correct sowing density. The number of pods/plant was the most important component for increased seed yield/plant and seed yield/area. The spatial distribution of canola seeds in the plant and canola sowing density did not affect seed physiological quality.
Keywords : Brassica napus; yield components; seed quality.