Revista Brasileira de Sementes
Print version ISSN 0101-3122
LAGOA, André de Oliveira; FERREIRA, Adriano César and VIEIRA, Roberval Daiton. Plantability and moisture content of naked and pelleted seeds of supersweet (Sh2) corn during cold storage conditions. Rev. bras. sementes [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp. 39-46. ISSN 0101-3122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222012000100005.
The supersweet (Sh2) corn seeds have a thin tegument and an irregular shape, which hinder the sowing procedure. As a function of those factors, the significance of using the pelleting process to improve sowing and standardize the stand of plants in the field without the need of thinning within the row is emphasized. Although this technique has already been known for many years, little has been studied on the effect of such procedure on the plantability and on the moisture content of the supersweet corn seeds. Therefore, this research work aimed at evaluating the effects of pelleting on the moisture content of the seeds along the storing process, on the occurrence of gaps on seed deposition and on the dropping of double seeds, with the aid of a testing seeder. Other physical attributes of seeds and pellets were also evaluated through tests of fragmentation, screen retention, mass of a thousand seeds and apparent volume. Results have shown an increase on the mass and on the volume of the pelleted seeds that presented highly resistance to cracks and breaking. The pelleting was efficient on the reduction of gaps and on the deposition of double seeds at sowing, thus providing highly satisfactory results for these attributes. An increase on the seed moisture content was also observed as a function of storage with a significant reduction on this factor after the pelleting procedure. Results allow concluding that the pelleting process reduces seed moisture content and improves plantability, positively affecting the efficiency of the sowing process.
Keywords : Zea mays; seed covering; physical quality; pellets.