Revista Brasileira de Sementes
Print version ISSN 0101-3122
HENNEBERG, Luciane; JACCOUD FILHO, David de S.; RUARO, Lucimeris and PANOBIANCO, Maristela. Efficiency of methods to detect Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in commercial soybean seed lots. Rev. bras. sementes [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.1, pp.61-69. ISSN 0101-3122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222012000100008.
Most soybean pathogens are seed transmitted, deserving emphasis the fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, which has been presenting worrying levels of field incidence in some soybean cropping areas in several Brazilian states. The objective of this study was to verify the efficiency of different methods for detecting S. sclerotiorum on soybean seeds artificially infected in the laboratory and from field production areas with a historical disease incidence. Seed samples of seven different cultivars collected from naturally infested fields, and one seed sample artificially inoculated in the laboratory were used. The following detection methods recommended in the literature were compared: Blotter test at 7 oC, 14 oC, and 21 oC; Rolled Paper; and Neon-S. Results demonstrated that these methods showed no repeatability and had a low sensitivity for detecting the pathogen in seeds from areas with disease incidence. They were effective, however, for its detection on artificially inoculated seeds. In the Blotter test method at 7 oC, there was a lower incidence of other fungi considered undesirable during seed analysis.
Keywords : Glycine max; seed health; white mold; seed quality.