Revista Brasileira de Sementes
Print version ISSN 0101-3122
HILST, Paulo Cesar; DIAS, Denise Cunha Fernandes dos Santos; ALVARENGA, Eveline Mantovani and SOUZA, Bruna Luiza de. Test of exudates color hues for evaluating the physiological potential of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) seeds. Rev. bras. sementes [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.2, pp. 212-217. ISSN 0101-3122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222012000200004.
Coffee seeds have slow and irregular germination, losing fast their viability during storage, and the standard germination test of these seeds requires at least 30 days. Besides, the results may not reflect the actual physiological quality of these seeds. The objective of this work was to develop a fast and practical test for evaluating the viability of coffee seeds, which is based on the interpretation of different color hues of exudates from seeds. Coffee seeds of the cultivar Catuai 44 from six lots were submitted to germination, accelerated aging, and electrical conductivity tests. In the exudates color hue test, coffee seeds without the parchment and the silvery pellicle (four replications of 10 seeds each) were distributed on top of paper towels moistened and then maintained into a germinator, at 25 ºC for 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h. Three classes of color hues were established: colorless, light color hue, and dark color hue, assigning the values of 0, 1, and 3, for each class, respectively. The proposed exudates color hue test can be recommended for the fast assessment of viability for coffee seeds. The most promising results were obtained for seeds with 12% moisture content, after imbibition periods of 72, 96, and 120 h; and with 30% moisture content, after imbibition periods of 72 and 120 h.
Keywords : leaching; seed quality; seed analysis; germination; vigor.