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Revista Brasileira de Sementes

Print version ISSN 0101-3122

Abstract

MAGNANI, Elisandra Batista Zambenedetti; MENDONCA, Elisabeth Aparecida Furtado de  and  ALBUQUERQUE, Maria Cristina de Figueiredo e. Adhesion of uredospores of Phakopsora pachyrhizi on soybean seeds and their viability during storage. Rev. bras. sementes [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.2, pp. 225-230. ISSN 0101-3122.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31222012000200006.

To study adhesion and viability of uredospores of the fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi on soybean seeds during storage, suspension tests of those uredospores were carried out by washing seeds at each 30 days interval.  Furthermore, germination and inoculation tests of uredospores on soybean plants were performed with uredospores collected from seeds of two soybean production areas, located in the municipalities "Chapada dos Guimarães" and "Tangará da Serra", State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. High levels of uredospores infestation were detected before storage [249.31 and 85.18 uredospores/100 seeds (U/100)] on seeds collected in both localities, respectively. After 30 days storage, these figures were 46.12 and 122.5 U/100; at 60 days were 14.62 and 26.62 U/100; and at 90 days were only 2.87 and 3,68 U/100, respectively; dropping to zero after 120 days storage. The percentage of germinated uredospores decreased with increasing storage periods and at 120 days germination percentage was nil. When uredospores were inoculated on soybean plants, rust symptoms were only observed for uredospores collected from freshly harvested seeds. Uredospores associated to soybean seed germinate until 90 days after storage, but are not viable after this time span. Infection of plants only occurs with inoculation of uredospores obtained from freshly harvested seeds.

Keywords : soybean rust; spores; germination; infection.

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