Revista de Economia Política
Print version ISSN 0101-3157
ALDRIGHI, Dante Mendes and MAZZER NETO, Roberto. Ownership and control in brazilian limited liability companies. Rev. Econ. Polit. [online]. 2005, vol.25, n.2, pp. 115-137. ISSN 0101-3157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31572005000200009.
This paper has as its main objective to measure the magnitude of deviations between control rights and cash-flow rights for the ultimate shareholder with the largest voting rights of limited liability companies in Brazil. Furthermore, it pinpoints how these discrepancies are generated, evaluating the relative importance of the issuance of preferred stocks with no voting rights, pyramidal arrangements of ownership, and cross-shareholdings. The data set embraces 602 companies that in 2001 complied with the mandatory requirement of filing to the CVM.
Keywords : cash-flow rights; control rights; controlling shareholder; pyramidal arrangements; minority shareholders; no-voting-rights preferred shares; ownership structure; voting agreements.