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Brazilian Journal of Political Economy

versão impressa ISSN 0101-3157


MARCONI, Nelson. The industrial equilibrium exchange rate in Brazil: an estimation. Rev. Econ. Polit. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.4, pp.656-669. ISSN 0101-3157.

This paper presents a methodology for calculating the industrial equilibrium exchange rate, which is defined as the one enabling exporters of state-of-the-art manufactured goods to be competitive abroad. The first section highlights the causes and problems of overvalued exchange rates, particularly the Dutch disease issue, which is neutralized when the exchange rate strikes the industrial equilibrium level. This level is defined by the ratio between the unit labor cost in the country under consideration and in competing countries. Finally, the evolution of this exchange rate in the Brazilian economy is estimated.

Palavras-chave : exchange rate; Dutch disease; deindustrialization; economic development.

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