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Brazilian Journal of Political Economy

versão impressa ISSN 0101-3157

Resumo

WJUNISKI, Bernardo Stuhlberger. Education and development projects in Brazil (1932-2004): political economy perspective. Rev. Econ. Polit. [online]. 2013, vol.33, n.1, pp.146-165. ISSN 0101-3157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31572013000100008.

This paper discusses the long-run history of education policies in Brazil. It is suggested that the main reason for the educational backwardness was the existence of strong political interests over education. It is also defended that these interests can be empirically observed in the allocation of public resources between the different levels of education, with political choices favouring specific groups in society. It was not a matter of lack of investment in education, but of inadequate allocation of resources. This pattern of political-based policies created a strong negative path dependence of misallocation of resources in education in Brazil, particularly with significant underinvestment in secondary education.

Palavras-chave : education; political interests; public expenditure.

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