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Brazilian Journal of Political Economy

versão impressa ISSN 0101-3157versão On-line ISSN 1809-4538

Resumo

BARROS, ALEXANDRE RANDS. Historical origins of Brazilian relative backwardness. Rev. Econ. Polit. [online]. 2015, vol.35, n.1, pp.75-94. ISSN 0101-3157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0101-31572015v35n01a05.

This paper relies on some data to identify the 19th century as the major period in which Brazil economy lagged behind some chosen benchmarking countries, as the USA, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and some European periphery countries. To identify the reasons for this an exercise using immigration data was used to make a decomposition of the sources of growth of the proportion of the USA per capita GDP to the Brazilian one. The results indicate that the imported human capital was responsible for 59% to 88% of this total growth between 1820 and 1900.

Palavras-chave : Brazilian backwardness; Brazilian growth; immigration; comparative development.

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