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Brazilian Journal of Political Economy

versão impressa ISSN 0101-3157versão On-line ISSN 1809-4538


FLASSBECK, HEINER. Exchange rate determination and the flaws of mainstream monetary theory. Brazil. J. Polit. Econ. [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.1, pp.99-114. ISSN 0101-3157.

Developing countries in general need flexibility and a sufficient number of instruments to prevent excessive volatility. Evidence does not support the orthodox belief that, with free floating, international financial markets will perform that role by smoothly adjusting exchange rates to their “equilibrium” level. In reality, exchange rates under a floating regime have proved to be highly unstable, leading to long spells of misalignment. The experience with hard pegs has not been satisfactory either: the exchange rate could not be corrected in cases of external shocks or misalignment. Given this experience, “intermediate” regimes are preferable when there is instability in international financial markets.

Palavras-chave : Exchange rate regime; external shocks; flexible exchange rates; financial markets; hard pegs.

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