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SOUZA, Rosa Fátima de. The educational innovation in the 19th. siglo: the renewal of the program of the primary school in Brazil. Cad. CEDES [online]. 2000, vol.20, n.51, pp.9-28. ISSN 0101-3262.

The text reconstitutes the process of renewal of the programs of the primary school in Brazil starting from 1870, placing the educational modernization in the country in relation to the international context. For this study, we used as research source Rui Barbosa's opinion concerning the Reform of the primary teaching and several complemental institutions of the public instruction (1883), especially the volume regarding the discussion on methods and the school program. Allso demonstrate, as the program it constitutes a project political social civilizador, addressed to build the nation, to modernize the country and to moralize the people.

Keywords : História do ensino primário; história do currículo; cultura escolar; currículo do ensino primário; história das disciplinas escolares.

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