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Print version ISSN 0101-3262
MARTINS, Lígia Márcia. The socio-historical nature of personality. Cad. CEDES [online]. 2004, vol.24, n.62, pp. 82-99. ISSN 0101-3262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-32622004000100006.
This paper analyses the process of personality formation from the perspective of historical and dialectical materialism. This process occurs in interaction with the social objective conditions of the individual's life. Only through the analysis of the alienated capitalist social relations is it possible to understand the construction of subjectivity in our contemporary society. Based on the theoretical contributions of Lucien Sève and Aleksei N. Leontyev in the field of Psychology of Personality, this paper formulates a criticism of the approaches that conceptualize personality as something that exists independently of the social activities. This analysis of the role played by the social relations in personality formation is fundamental if one intends to work out the concrete ways in which a society can promote the optimum development of each individual.
Keywords : Personalization process; Activity; Consciousness; Alienation.