On-line version ISSN 1678-7110
SANFELICE, José Luís. The 1964 civil-military movement and the intellectuals. Cad. CEDES [online]. 2008, vol.28, n.76, pp. 357-378. ISSN 1678-7110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-32622008000300005.
This study aims to identify, within the movement of history in a given conjuncture, tensions that have opposed several social characters of the 1970s, in Brazil. The thinking expressed by the first leaders of the civil-military movement that took over the State apparatus in 1964 represents one pole. Through their speeches at the V University Forum, Humberto de A. Castelo Branco, President of the Republic, Flávio Suplicy de Lacerda, Minister of Education and Culture, and Raymundo Moniz de Aragão, communicated the government's views on education to the society. These would be very soon included in the legal regulations of the University Reform. For this work, the opposite pole to this official vision is a historical writing by Florestan Fernandes produced after the lecture he gave at the opening of the I Professors' Forum, held in 1968 in Rio de Janeiro. Analyzing this ideological conflict, we hope to reach a more accurate critical understanding on the 1964 civil-military movement and its relationships to different intellectuals.
Keywords : 1964 movement; University reform; Intellectuals; Student movement; Florestan Fernandes.