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Novos Estudos - CEBRAP
On-line version ISSN 1980-5403
LESSING, Benjamin. As facções cariocas em perspectiva comparativa. Novos estud. - CEBRAP [online]. 2008, n.80, pp. 43-62. ISSN 1980-5403. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-33002008000100004.
It has become a commonplace that Rio de Janeiros guerra do tráfico is entirely unique within Brazil. In fact, this is inaccurate. Drug trafficking organizations that in many respects resemble Rios facções do exist in other urban contexts. What differentiates them is less the ability to establish a local monopoly on the drug trade than the resilience of their internal structure, and consequently the duration of their existence and domination. During field research in nine peripheral communities in three cities, I observed not only high variation in the degree of concentration between local drug markets, but also variation over time within single communities. In this light, the stability of Rios highly concentrated drug market can be seen as a unique equilibrium in which the fragmentary forces at work in other cities are neutralized by specific traits of Rios factions. These traits, I argue, stem from the dominion these factions have exerted over the states prison system since before the period of their original expansion into the drug trade.
Keywords : drug dealing; drug war; Rio de Janeiros prisional system.